un jour nos pays Africain aurons de vrais dirigeant digne et capable de dirige un continent riche et prospere.
Doudou Mateso Dacosta
" LUANDA, Angola—French President Nicolas Sarkozy paid a visit of a few hours Friday to Angola, pledging to improve ties that have been strained for years by a major international arms scandal.
more stories like thisSarkozy told reporters he and his Angolan counterpart, Jose Eduardo dos Santos, had decided "to turn the page from the misunderstandings of the past and build a future based on trust and mutual respect."
Dos Santos said France and his oil-producing southern African country were entering an era of "trust, friendship and mutual respect."
They signed four cooperation and development accords in the areas of health, sanitation, higher education and French language instruction. Sarkozy added France's development and loan agencies would be returning to Angola, and that France would build a new embassy here. He also invited dos Santos to visit France next year.
Sarkozy, the first French president to visit Angola since Jacques Chirac in 1998, was accompanied by leading French businessmen, among them representatives of the oil company Total. Angola is the No. 2 sub-Saharan oil producer after Nigeria.
Other business leaders accompanying Sarkozy included representatives of Thales, which was expected to sign a telecommunication deal with Angola worth about 150 million euros (more than $200 million), and Areva, which was seeking rights to search for uranium in southern Angola.
Angola's two-decade civil war ended in 2002. It is still struggling to recover from the devastation of war, and from corruption. Human rights groups have repeatedly accused Angolan officials of hiding oil revenues.
The arms scandal involves 42 people, including the son of late French President Francois Mitterrand, who will stand trial in the coming months for suspected roles in illegal arms sales to Angola during its civil war.
Jean-Christophe Mitterrand, who served as counselor on African affairs from 1986-92 under his father, Russian-born Israeli businessman Arkady Gaydamak and French businessman Pierre Falcone are among those charged with illicit arms trafficking. Former French Interior Minister Charles Pasqua is accused of influence-trafficking in the case.
The group is suspected of selling heavy weaponry to dos Santos during Angola's civil war. Prosecutors allege that the arms sales, carried out from 1993 to 2000 without clearance from the French government, totaled nearly $791 million."
Kuduro (or Kuduru) is a type of music born in Angola and immediately exported to Lisbon suburbs in Portugal, hence its two varieties Luandense and Lisboeta.It is characterized as uptempo, energetic, and danceable. French DJ/Producer Fredric Galliano, who specializes in African music, describes Kuduro as "house music with programming inspired by traditional carnival music from Angola". He considers the music a social movement created by poor people, akin to hip-hop, and describes the lyrical content as societal and political critique.
The roots of Kuduro can be traced to the late 80's when producers in Luanda, Angola started mixing African percussion samples with simple Calypso and Soca beats to create a style of music then known as "Batida". European and American electronic music had begun appearing at the largest open-air market in all of Africa, Roque Santeiro market, which attracted Angolan musicians and inspired them to incorporate their own musical styles.An Angolan MC, Sebem, began toasting over the this and is thus credited with starting the genre.
The name itself is a word with a specific meaning to location in the Kimbundu language, which is native to the northern portion of Angola. It has a double meaning in that it also translates to "hard ass" or "stiff bottom" in Portuguese, which is the official language of Angola. Kuduro is also a type of dance where, typically (like Ragga, some forms of hiphop, and other afro-based musics) the female dancer protrudes her bottom and swings it sensuously to the rhythm of the hard-hitting Kuduro beat. It is mostly influenced by Zouk, Soca, and Rara (Haitian music genre) music genres. It also combines Western house and techno with traditional Angolan Kilapanga and Semba music As Vivian Host points out in her article, despite the common assumption that "world music" from non-Western countries holds no commonalities with Western modern music, Angolan kuduro does contain "elements in common with punk, deep tribal house, and even Daft Punk." It is thus the case that cultural boundaries and limitations within the musical spectrum are constantly shifting and being redefined. And though Angolan Kuduro reflects an understanding and, further, an interpretation of Western musical forms, the world music category that it fits under tends to reject the idea of Western musical imperialism. The larger idea here is that advancements in technology and communications and the thrust of music through an electronic medium have made transcending cultural and sonic musical structures possible. According to Blentwell Podcasts, Kuduro is a "mixture of House, Hip Hop, and Ragga elements," which illustrates how this is at once an Angolan-local and global music. Indeed, this "musical cross-pollination" as Vivian Host calls it, represents a local appropriation of global musical forms, such that the blending of different musics creates the music of a "new world."
Angola nosa terra un dia todo vai mudar o kota Savimpi ta va fallar verdadera. Doudou mateso Dacosta
Black Biography: Jonas Savimbi
Born Jonas Malheiro Savimbi on August 3, 1934, in Angola; died February 22, 2002; son of Lot (a railroad stationmaster and preacher) Savimbi; married. Education: Attended University of Lisbon, Portugal, 1958-60, and University of Fribourg, Switzerland, 1961-64; studied political science at University of Lausanne, Switzerland, 1964-65; studied guerilla warfare in China, 1965.
Angolan rebel leader, 1965-02. Began agitating for Angolan independence from Portugal while a student in Lisbon in late 1950s; participated in the armed struggle against Portuguese rule in Angola, beginning in the early 1960s; former secretary-general of Union for the Population of Angola; foreign minister of Angolan Revolutionary Government in Exile, 1962-64; founder and leader of National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), 1966-02; carried on guerilla war against Marxist government of Angola, 1975-91; agreed to respect cease-fire in anticipation of free elections in September, 1992; presidential candidate in 1992 elections; continued to fight government of Angola, 1992-02.
From 1975 until his death in 2002, Jonas Savimbi campaigned relentlessly against the government of his home nation, Angola. The leader of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola--known by its Portuguese acronym, UNITA--Savimbi and his followers waged guerilla war in Angola, taking aid in the form of weapons and money from the United States and even South Africa. Only in 1991 did Savimbi agree to hold to a cease-fire that would allow the war-torn nation time to prepare for its first democratic election in 1992. As head of UNITA, the charismatic Savimbi ran for the presidency, promising a free market economy, regular elections, and constitutional reforms.
Several American presidents have given Savimbi support in the form of covert aid, state-of-the-art weaponry, and millions of dollars in hard currency. As reported in the Washington Post, President Ronald Reagan praised Savimbi as a "freedom fighter" who was seeking to expel Soviet and Cuban mercenaries from Angola and overthrow a dictatorial Marxist regime. Savimbi found many friends on the American right wing who considered him a noble soldier trying to save his nation from communist-inspired ruin. "UNITA says it aspires to nothing less than making Angola the first democratic, free-market country on the [African] continent," wrote Radek Sikorski in the National Review. "Savimbi has been feted in Washington as Africa's premier freedom-fighter--the pictures of his meeting with Ronald Reagan, George Bush, and George Shultz in January 1986 adorn every hut in Unitaland. It is largely thanks to [the] U.S. ... that UNITA is such a formidable force."...